Old City of Zamość – outstanding example of 16th-century Central European town, UNESCO World Heritage Site in Poland

Baku, November 21, AZERTAC

Located in southeastern Poland, the Old City of Zamość is an outstanding example of a late 16th-century Central European town designed and built in accordance with Italian Renaissance theories on the creation of “ideal” cities.
Situated along the trade route linking western and northern Europe with the Black Sea, Zamość was conceived as a trade-based economic centre.
From the outset it was intended to be multinational, and had a high level of religious tolerance.
It became the tangible reflection of the social and cultural ideas of the Renaissance, which were readily embraced in Poland, as exemplified by the establishment of a university (Zamość Academy) by Jan Zamoyski, the founder and owner of the town. His architect Bernardo Morando’s city plan combined the functions of a residential palace, an urban ensemble, and a fortress, all in accordance with Renaissance concepts.
The Old City of Zamość features two distinct sections: on the west is the Zamoyski palace, and on the east is the town proper, laid out around three squares.
The central Great Market Square, located at the junction of the town’s two main axial streets, is enclosed by arcaded merchants’ houses and anchored by a magnificent Town Hall.
These and many other notable structures such as the cathedral, arsenal, and fortification gates illustrate a key feature of this great undertaking: a creative enhancement realized through the incorporation of artistic achievements attained in local architecture.
The consistent implementation of Morando’s plan over time has resulted in a stylistically homogeneous urban composition with a high level of architectural and landscape values.
Designed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992, the Old City of Zamość today retains its original rectilinear street plan and its unique blend of Italian and Central European architectural traditions, as well as parts of its encircling fortifications.

Culture 2022-11-21 11:04:00