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Great Spa Towns of Europe – UNESCO World Heritage Site comprising 11 famous historic spa towns and cities

Baku, October 28, AZERTAC

The Great Spa Towns of Europe is a World Heritage Site comprising 11 famous historic spa towns and cities in seven countries, inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List on July 24, 2021.
The Great Spas in Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom represent a unique cultural phenomenon, which reached its height in the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as a particular urban type and form.
As a World Heritage Site, it has been given global recognition as a phenomenon which helped to shape Europe.
This transnational serial property represents eleven spa towns, located in seven European countries: Baden bei Wien (Austria); Spa (Belgium); Františkovy Lázně; Karlovy Vary; Mariánské Lázně (Czechia); Vichy (France); Bad Ems; Baden-Baden; Bad Kissingen (Germany); Montecatini Terme (Italy); and City of Bath (United Kingdom).
All of these towns developed around natural mineral water springs.
They bear witness to the international European spa culture that developed from the early 18th century to the 1930s, leading to the emergence of grand international resorts that impacted urban typology around ensembles of spa buildings such as baths, kurhaus and kursaal (buildings and rooms dedicated to therapy), pump rooms, drinking halls, colonnades and galleries designed to harness the natural mineral water resources and to allow their practical use for bathing and drinking.
Related facilities include gardens, assembly rooms, casinos, theatres, hotels and villas, as well as spa-specific support infrastructure.
These ensembles are all integrated into an overall urban context that includes a carefully managed recreational and therapeutic environment in a picturesque landscape. Together, these sites embody the significant interchange of human values and developments in medicine, science and balneology.
The Great Spas of Europe bear an exceptional testimony to the European spa phenomenon, which gained its highest expression from around 1700 to the 1930s.

Culture 2022-10-28 19:24:00